Pune City is the district headquarters. The district’s population was 9,426,959 in the 2011 census, the fourth-most-populous sex hospitals in pune India’s 640 districts. The district has a long human history. The town of Junnar and the Buddhist caves at Karla date back more than two thousand years, and visitors to Junnar were recorded in the 1400s.
The region was under Islamic rule from the 13th to the 17th centuries. During the 17th century, the Marathas under Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj laid the foundation for an independent kingdom. The first reference to the Pune region is found on two copper plates, dated to 758 and 768 AD and issued by the Rashtrakuta ruler Krishna I. The plates call the region “Puny Vishaya” and “Punaka Vishaya”, respectively. The Muslim Khalji rulers of the Delhi Sultanate overthrew the Yadavas in 1317, beginning three hundred years of Islamic control. The Khalji were followed by another sultanate dynasty, the Tughlaqs. Pune became politically important when the Nizamshahi capital was moved there at the beginning of the 16th century.
Bhosale rulers, the sultanates and the Mughals during the century. With the establishment of Nizamshahi rule, with Ahmednagar its headquarters, nearly all of the region was controlled by the Nizamshahi. At Ahmednagar, the king bore the brunt of a heavy attack from Mughal armies who converged on the capital in 1595. To rally the strongest possible local support against the Mughal invaders and stabilise the territories ruled by Ahmednagar, local Maratha chieftains were given increased power. In 1600, Ahmednagar was captured by the Mughals. Nizamshahi minister Malik Ambar raised Murtaza II to the throne, with its temporary headquarters at Junnar. For nearly a generation, Ambar guided the Nizamshahi kingdom and the Pune region benefited from his leadership.